What is TIA?

TIA Treatment In SiliguriTIA Treatment In Siliguri – Dr. Joydeep Dey

When blood flow to part of the brain stops for a short period of time, also called transient ischemic attack (TIA), it can mimic stroke-like symptoms. These symptoms appear and last less than 24 hours before disappearing. While TIAs generally do not cause permanent brain damage, they are a serious warning sign that a stroke may happen in the future and should not be ignored.

TIA are usually caused by one of three things:

  • 1. Low blood flow at a narrow part of a major artery carrying blood to the brain.
  • 2. A blood clot in another part of the body (such as the heart) breaks off, travels to the brain, and blocks a blood vessel in the brain.
  • 3. Narrowing of the smaller blood vessel in the brain, blocking blood flow for a short period of time; usually caused by plaque (a fatty substance) build-up.

Some important facts to keep in mind include:

  • 40 percent of people who have a TIA will have an actual stroke
  • Nearly half of all strokes occur within the first few days after a TIA
  • Symptoms for TIA are the same as for a stroke
  • The goal of TIA management is to prevent a future stroke. The medicine and therapy used depends on the exact cause of the TIA. In addition to lifestyle changes such as diet, physical activity, limiting alcohol intake, and not smoking, your healthcare provider may recommend medications to treat high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or heart disease. These changes may reduce your risk of further TIA or stroke.

There are many medications that help prevent blood clots from forming—reducing the risk of full-blown stroke.

If a TIA is caused by blockage in the main artery in the neck that supplies blood to the brain, called the carotid artery, surgeries may be required to open the artery, and prevent a stroke. These procedures are known as endarterectomy and stenting.

Talk to a healthcare provider about the best stroke prevention options for you. The lifestyle adjustments such as eating healthy foods and quitting smoking—made today may reduce the risk of stroke tomorrow

What is the FAST test for a stroke?If You’re at Risk for a Stroke, This Acronym Could Save Your Life

FAST is an acronym used for all of us to remember what to look for if we think someone is having a stroke. The “F” stands for face. That means when asking a person to smile, you should pay attention to any asymmetry in their face. The “A” stands for arms. So, ask them to hold up both of their arms and see if one side drifts down or is not quite as high as the other side. The “S” stands for speech. Post-stroke speech is either slurring of words or difficulty coming up with the appropriate word or even understanding. The “T” stands for time, as in, if you notice any of the first three things, it’s time for urgent medical help .Time is very critical because every minute a person has a blockage in the blood vessel, they’re losing 1.9 million brain cells.

Other warning signs

  • sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
  • sudden numbness or weakness of your face, arm, and leg, most likely on one side of your body
  • sudden confusion or unconsciousness
  • sudden and severe headache with no known cause
  • sudden dizziness, trouble walking, or loss of balance or coordination

To Know More About Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA Treatment In Siliguri) visit Rudraksh Superspeciality Care

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